## Eta Reduction

The purpose of eta reduction (also written \(\eta\)-reduction) is to drop an abstraction over a function to simplify it. This is possible when there is nothing more that a function can do to its argument. For example, imagine that we have a simple function \( f\ x = g\ x \). Both \(g\) and \(f\) take the same argument, \(x\), and the function application function results in the same value (specified by the equality symbol).
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